The Importance Of Magnesium For Optimal Health

The Importance Of Magnesium For Optimal HealthMagnesium is an essential mineral that plays a vital role in maintaining optimal health. It is involved in over 300 biochemical reactions in our bodies, including muscle contraction, blood pressure regulation, heart and brain health, bone density, and energy production. Unfortunately, magnesium deficiency is widespread, with up to 50% of the population not getting enough of this critical mineral.

In this blog, we will explore the importance of magnesium for optimal health and the signs of magnesium deficiency. We will also discuss the best sources of magnesium and the recommended daily intake. Finally, we will look at the different types of magnesium supplements and their benefits.

What is Magnesium and Why is it Important?

Magnesium is a mineral that is involved in numerous biochemical reactions in the body. It is required for the formation of bones and teeth, the contraction and relaxation of muscles, the production of energy, and the synthesis of DNA and RNA. Magnesium also plays a crucial role in maintaining heart health, regulating blood pressure, and supporting brain function.

Magnesium is essential for healthy bones and teeth. It helps to regulate the absorption and metabolism of calcium, which is crucial for bone density. A deficiency in magnesium can lead to osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more susceptible to fractures.

Magnesium is also vital for muscle function. It plays a crucial role in muscle contraction and relaxation, making it essential for athletes and anyone who engages in regular physical activity. Magnesium deficiency can cause muscle cramps, spasms, and weakness, making it difficult to perform daily activities.

Magnesium is also important for heart health. It helps to regulate heart rhythm and can reduce the risk of heart disease. Magnesium deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease, arrhythmias, and high blood pressure.

Signs of Magnesium Deficiency

Magnesium deficiency is widespread, with up to 50% of the population not getting enough of this critical mineral. The symptoms of magnesium deficiency can vary, but some of the most common signs include:

  • Muscle cramps and spasms
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Insomnia and sleep disorders
  • Headaches and migraines
  • High blood pressure
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Constipation and digestive issues
  • Osteoporosis and bone fractures

If you experience any of these symptoms, you may have a magnesium deficiency, and it is essential to speak to your doctor.

Best Sources of Magnesium

Magnesium is found in a wide range of foods, including leafy green vegetables, nuts, seeds, whole grains, and fish. Some of the best sources of magnesium include:

  • Spinach
  • Almonds
  • Cashews
  • Avocado
  • Brown rice
  • Quinoa
  • Salmon
  • Mackerel
  • Halibut

It is also possible to take magnesium supplements, which can be an effective way to increase your magnesium intake if you are not getting enough through your diet.

Recommended Daily Intake

The recommended daily intake of magnesium varies depending on age, sex, and other factors. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommend the following daily intake:

  • 400-420 mg for men
  • 310-360 mg for women
  • 350-400 mg for pregnant women
  • 310-360 mg for breastfeeding women

It is essential to speak to your doctor about your magnesium needs, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have a medical condition.

Types of Magnesium Supplements and Their Benefits

There are many different types of magnesium supplements available, and each has unique benefits. Here are some of the most common types of magnesium supplements:

  1. Magnesium Citrate – This form of magnesium is commonly used to treat constipation and promote bowel function. It is easily absorbed and can also help to reduce the risk of kidney stones.
  2. Magnesium Glycinate – This type of magnesium is highly absorbable and is an excellent choice for promoting relaxation, reducing stress, and improving sleep quality. It is also ideal for muscle recovery and can help to reduce muscle soreness after exercise.
  3. Magnesium Threonate – This form of magnesium has been shown to cross the blood-brain barrier, making it an ideal choice for promoting brain health, cognitive function, and memory. It is also effective for improving sleep quality and reducing anxiety.
  4. Magnesium Malate – This type of magnesium is known for its ability to boost energy levels, reduce muscle soreness and fatigue, and improve exercise performance. It is also an excellent choice for promoting healthy digestion and bowel function.
  5. Magnesium Taurate – This form of magnesium is ideal for promoting heart health, regulating blood pressure, and reducing the risk of heart disease. It is also effective for promoting brain health and cognitive function.

It is important to note that some types of magnesium supplements can cause digestive upset, such as diarrhea or nausea. Therefore, it is essential to speak to your doctor before starting any new supplements and to start with a low dose and gradually increase as needed.


Magnesium is a crucial mineral that is essential for optimal health. It plays a vital role in maintaining healthy bones, muscles, heart, and brain function, and a deficiency can lead to a wide range of symptoms and health problems. While it is possible to get magnesium from food sources, many people do not get enough through their diet, making magnesium supplements a popular choice. If you are considering taking magnesium supplements, it is essential to speak to your doctor to determine the right type and dose for your needs. With the right magnesium intake, you can optimize your health and well-being and reduce the risk of chronic health conditions.


The information provided in this article by TGH Urgent Care powered by Fast Track, is for educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.



National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Magnesium Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. Available at:

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Volpe, S. L. Magnesium and the Athlete. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 2015; 14(4):279-283.

DiNicolantonio, J. J., & O’Keefe, J. H. Importance of maintaining a low omega–6/omega–3 ratio for reducing inflammation. Open Heart, 2018; 5(2):e000946.

Elbert, N. J., & Gille, D. (2019). The Role of Magnesium in DNA Damage Response of Cancer Cells. Magnesium Research, 32(3), 89-97.

Cinar, V., Nizamlioğlu, M., Moğulkoc, R. Magnesium supplementation improves glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Magnesium Research, 2016; 29(2): 56-63.

Nielsen, F. H. Magnesium, inflammation, and obesity in chronic disease. Nutritional Reviews, 2010; 68(6):333-340.

Kass, L., Weekes, J., & Carpenter, L. Effect of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2012; 66(4):411-418.

Abbasi, B., Kimiagar, M., Sadeghniiat, K., Shirazi, M. M., Hedayati, M., & Rashidkhani, B. The effect of magnesium supplementation on primary insomnia in elderly: A double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 2012; 17(12):1161-1169.

Corica, F., Allegra, A., Corsonello, A., Buemi, M., & Calogero, A. E. Magnesium: its role in nutrition and carcinogenesis. Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery, 2014; 9(3):293-302.

Zhang, X., Li, Y., Del Gobbo, L. C., et al. Effects of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trials. Hypertension, 2016; 68(2):324-333.


The blogs presented by TGH Urgent Care in partnership with Fast Track are not a replacement for medical care and are exclusively intended for educational purposes. The content provided here should not be construed as medical guidance. If you are encountering any symptoms, we strongly recommend that you seek an appointment with a duly qualified medical practitioner at our nearest facility.

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